A sunny place delivers the gardener a plethora of plants. Choices are more confined for shade. Shade comes in several densities from dappled, found under deciduous trees to dense, like under evergreen shrubs. Shade changes from season to season. What could possibly be in complete shade in summer, under a deciduous tree, might be in full sun in spring and only the place for spring coats and flowers.
Annuals live gloriously for a single season. They sprout, bloom, set seed and die. Most are available as seeds, which means you can inexpensively fill at a shade bed as you’re waiting for your perennials grow. Shade annuals include coleus (Solenostemon scutellarioides), developed for its brightly colored and variegated foliage, browallia (Browallia Americana) with purple blossoms and lobelia (Lobelia inflate) using bright blue flowers and purple or green leaves. Bear in mind that some flowers offered as annuals, like snapdragons (Antirrhinum majus) in cold-winter areas are now perennials at warm-winter climates like United States Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 8 through 10.
Perennial flowers and bushes live for three or more years based on their hardiness. The bush may stay evergreen through the year, drop their leaves for a few weeks or months or even die back completely. Tender perennials do not tolerate frost. Some hardy perennials won’t thrive in warm inland areas even if shaded. Perennial shade flowers include lady’s mantle (Alchemilla spp.) USDA hardiness zones 4 through 8, with chartreuse flowers, and begonia (Tuberous) USDA hardiness zones 9 through 11, with brightly colored rose-shaped flowers. Impatiens (Impatiens walleriana) thrive in shade and are hardy in USDA zones 10 and 11, but can be expanded as a shade annual in cooler areas. Perennial shrubs include hostas (Hosta) USDA hardiness zones 3 through 9, and boxwood (Buxus), USDA hardiness zones 5 through 9.
Roses (Rosa) USDA hardiness zones 4 through 10, usually require no less than six hours of direct sunlight daily. The plant will continue to grow in shade but wo not blossom. If the location does receive some direct sun, but much less than six hours, or is at dappled shade, several varieties of roses will grow and blossom. Climbers and ramblers include “City of York” and “Mermaid.” Shrub roses include “Canary Bird” and “Pearl Drift.” Hybrid teas contain “Mr. Lincoln” and “Dainty Bess.”
Shade Beneath Oak Trees
Oak trees (Quercus), hardy in USDA hardiness zones 3 through 9, are used in landscaping in a lot of the Mediterranean climate on the West Coast. Oak trees prefer a dry climate. When putting in the shade of oak trees use drought-tolerant shrubs like candy box (Sarcococca ruscifolia), USDA hardiness zones 7 through 9, heavenly bamboo (Nandina domestica) USDA hardiness zones 7 through 9, or winter-blooming bergenia (Bergenia crassifolia), USDA hardiness zones 4 through 10.